New Investment Limits for Exempt Offerings

Generally speaking, if a company wishes to raise funds by selling or offering its securities it must register those securities with the Securities and Exchange Commission. However, there are numerous exemptions to this requirement to register. Although Reg D’s Rule 506 is the most widely used, there are also exemptions under Reg A, Rule 504 … Read more

Unpaid Labor at Drug Rehab Programs

According to investigative reporter Shoshana Walter: In response to the American Rehab series from the Center for Investigative Reporting, Senators Elizabeth Warren and Tammy Baldwin have asked the US Government Accountability Office to investigate unpaid labor at drug rehab programs. In their letter, the senators state that working people without pay violates federal law. “Requiring … Read more

Connery’s Concussive Contracts: Shaken, not Stirred

Looper reports that the late Sir Sean Connery — who will always be my James Bond — had an unusual clause in his movie employment contracts. According to Alan Moore, the award winning comic book writer and creator of Watchmen, V for Vendetta, Batman: The Killing Joke and The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, among many … Read more

Sale of Entity that Received Paycheck Protection Program Funds

If you’re buying or selling an entity – or its assets – you should be aware of a new notice from the Small Business Administration (“SBA”). If the seller has received Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) funds, it must notify the funds lender that the seller intends to enter into a sales transaction that would constitute … Read more

Dropping the Use of LLC and Inc.

Your business is organized as a limited liability company, corporation or other entity. Its legal name includes a suffix such as ‘Inc.’ or ‘LLC’. However for marketing or other purposes, you wish to use the name without the suffix. A problem? Yes. Background Individuals, acting by themselves or with a group, are generally responsible for … Read more

Checklist of Buy/Sell Considerations

No two deals are alike. However, it’s useful to at least think about the following items when shaping and negotiating a deal. 1. Finding the buyer or seller    a. Networking, professional and social    b. Competitors    c. Business brokers    d. Investment bankers2. Useful professionals    a. Lawyer    b. Accountant    c. Investment banker    d. Tax advisor3. Before serious negotiations and discussions begin, consider    a. Entering into a confidentiality … Read more

Raising Money: Title II of the JOBS Act

Until recently, new companies wishing to raise money – that had exhausted their sources from friends and family and had no access to angel or venture capitalists – needed to rely on the SEC’s Regulation A or D, regulations promulgated under the federal Securities Act of 1933. Nothing wrong with that, except that offerings under … Read more

Is Your Operating Agreement Complete?

You and your partners are successfully running your business. After talking to your accountants and lawyers – I am always hopeful – you decided to operate your business as a limited liability company and entered into an LLC operating agreement. This operating agreement governs your relative rights and obligations. I’m fairly certain that your operating … Read more

Introduction to Crowdfunding

This post is a primer on crowdfunding for entrepreneurs and other people who are not securities lawyers. Securities I’ll start by talking a bit about securities and then about equity and non-equity offerings. Bear with me; we’ll get to crowdfunding. What is a security? The most common types of securities are stocks, bonds and notes. … Read more

Another Trap for Business Owners: Misclassifying Workers

It’s imperative that businesses classify their employees properly for legal (and moral) reasons. Let’s consider the factors that determine whether a worker is an employee or an independent contractor and, if an employee, whether the worker is exempt from pay rate regulations. W-2 Employee or 1099 Independent Contractor Government taxing and labor agencies are both … Read more

Non-Competes: Sword and Shield

Restrictive covenants – agreements not to do certain things – are common in employment agreements. The most common: non-disclosure, non-solicitation, and non-competition. Let’s talk about non-competition agreements or non-competes. Companies often ask employees to sign non-competes. Their basic purpose is to protect the employer when (inevitably?) the employee moves on to other (greener?) pastures, by … Read more

Trap for Business Owners: Piercing the Corporate Veil

Individuals, acting by themselves or with a group, are generally responsible for their actions; that is, they have general liability for their actions. By forming an entity such as a limited liability company or corporation, each individual in the group can shield himself from general liability, can limit his liability to his investment in the … Read more